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Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy

     When people understand how and why they are doing well, they know what to do to continue doing well.  What enables CBT to be briefer is its highly instructive nature and the fact that it makes use of homework assignments.
 
For excellent cognitive-behavioral therapy self-help and professional books, audio presentations, and home-study training programs, please click here. CBT is based on aspects of stoic philosophy.
Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy.
Not all approaches to CBT emphasize stoicism. Therefore, CBT therapists do not tell their clients what to do -- rather, they teach their clients how to do.  However, most people seeking therapy do not want to feel they way they have been feeling.
CBT is based on the scientifically supported assumption that most emotional and behavioral reactions are learned.  Most people want to have the fewest number of problems possible.
Cognitive-behavioral therapists have a specific agenda for each session. CBT is based on the Cognitive Model of Emotional Response.  
 
Therefore, CBT has nothing to do with "just talking".  If we are upset about our problems, we have two     problems -- the problem, and our upset about it. CBT is a collaborative effort between the therapist and the client.
Cognitive-behavioral therapy is considered among the most rapid in terms of results obtained.  Beck's Cognitive Therapy is not based on stoicism.  
 
Cognitive-behavioral therapy does not exist as a distinct therapeutic technique.
 
The educational emphasis of CBT has an additional benefit -- it leads to long term results.  Therefore, CBT therapists focus on teaching rational self-counseling
skills.  Cognitive-behavioral therapists believe it is important to have a good,     trusting relationship, but that is not enough.
Cognitive-behavioral therapy is based on the idea that our thoughts cause our feelings and behaviors, not external things, like people, situations, and events.  There are several approaches to cognitive-behavioral therapy, including Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy, Rational Behavior Therapy, Rational Living Therapy, Cognitive Therapy, and Dialectic Behavior Therapy.  The therapist's role is to listen, teach, and encourage, while the client's roles is to express     concerns, learn, and implement that learning.
Some forms of therapy assume that the main reason people get better in therapy is because of the positive relationship between the therapist and client. CBT is based on an educational model. Often, we upset ourselves about things when, in fact, the situation isn't like we think it is.  The benefit of this fact is that we can change the way we think to feel / act better even if the situation does not change.  Therefore, the goal of therapy is to help clients unlearn their unwanted reactions and to learn a new way of reacting.
 
However, most cognitive-behavioral therapies have the following characteristics:
 
1.  Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy, Rational Behavior Therapy, and Rational Living Therapy emphasize aspects of stoicism.   
 
Cognitive-behavioral therapy does not tell people how they should feel.  People can "just talk" with anyone.  CBT therapists believe that the clients change because they learn how to think differently and they act on that learning.  We are directive in the sense that we show our clients how to think and behave in ways to obtain what they want.  If we find that our hypotheses are incorrect (because we have new information), then we      can change our thinking to be in line with how the situation really is. Specific techniques / concepts are taught during each session.  That's why CBT therapists assign reading assignments and encourage their clients to practice the techniques learned
.  CBT focuses on the client's goals.  If we knew that, we would not waste our time upsetting ourselves. 
 
 
 
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The same is the case with psychotherapy..  Goal achievement (if obtained) could take a very long time if all a person were only to think about the techniques and topics taught was for one hour per week. CBT is Briefer and Time-Limited.  Therefore, CBT is not an open-ended, never-ending process.
If when you attempted to learn your multiplication tables you spent only one hour per week studying them, you might still be wondering what 5 X 5 equals.
 
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is a form of psychotherapy that emphasizes the important role of thinking in how we feel and what we do.  CBT is time-limited in that we help clients understand at the very beginning of the therapy process that there will be a point when the formal therapy will end..
 
Therefore, the inductive method encourages us to look at our thoughts as being hypotheses or guesses that can be questioned and tested.  So when we learn how to more calmly accept a personal problem, not only do we feel better, but we usually put     ourselves in a better position to make use of our intelligence, knowledge, energy, and resources to resolve the problem.  You very likely spent a great deal of time at home studying your multiplication tables, maybe with flashcards.
 Cognitive-behavioral therapists seek to learn what their clients want out of life (their goals) and then help their clients achieve those goals.  They also encourage their client
s to ask questions of themselves, like, "How do I really know that those people are laughing at me?"  "Could they be laughing about something else?"
 
7.
A central aspect of Rational thinking is that it is based on fact.  The ending of the formal therapy is a decision made by the therapist and client. The term "cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT)" is a very general term for a classification of therapies with similarities.  That's why they often ask questions. A sound therapeutic relationship is necessary for effective therapy, but not the focus.
 
5. CBT uses the Socratic Method.  The average number of sessions clients receive (across all types of problems and approaches to CBT) is only 16. CBT theory and techniques rely on the Inductive Method.
 
10.  We do not tell our clients what their goals "should" be, or what they "should" tolerate.
 
8.  They also emphasize the fact that we have our undesirable situations whether we are upset about them or not. Homework is a central feature of CBT. CBT is structured and directive.  Other forms of therapy,  like psychoanalysis, can take years.
Cognitive-behavioral therapists want to gain a very good understanding of their clients' concerns.
 
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4. The approaches that emphasize stoicism teach the benefits of     feeling, at worst, calm when confronted with undesirable situations
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